Charles A. King Trust Postdoctoral Research Fellowship Program – Clinical and Implementation Research

The Charles A. King Trust Postdoctoral Fellowship Program provides funding to postdoctoral fellows and mentored clinician scientists in basic and preclinical science, and clinical, health services, population health, and implementation research to help them achieve their goals of becoming independent investigators in biomedical research. Applicants may apply under one of the two separate, but linked programs: The King Basic/Preclinical Science Award Program or the King Clinical and Implementation Research Award Program.

The King Trust Clinical and Implementation Research Award Program supports scientists in the early to mid-stages of their research training. Clinical or implementation research funded by this program support human studies including physiological research, behavioral science and health education research, translational research (the application of bench research to patient care), epidemiological research, health services and policy research, outcomes research, and research about healthcare delivery and population health, regardless of specialty or discipline. The King Trust has adopted similar, but not identical, definitions for clinical research and implementation research from the National Institutes of Health. Research projects involving animal, patient derived tissue or samples, or cell culture models seeking to understand basic science questions, should be directed to the King Trust Basic Sciences category.

Clinical Research[1] includes research with human subjects that is:

  1. Patient-oriented research. Research conducted with human subjects (or on material of human origin such as tissues, specimens, and cognitive phenomena) for which an investigator (or colleague) on the proposed study directly interacts with human subjects. It includes: (a) therapeutic interventions, (b) clinical trials, (c) development of new technologies, or (d) mechanisms of human disease that can be directly linked to detection, diagnosis, progression, or severity of disease. Excluded from this definition are in vitro studies that utilize human tissues that cannot be linked to a living individual.
  2. Epidemiological and behavioral studies.
  3. Outcomes research and health services research.

Implementation Science[2] is the study of methods to promote the adoption and integration of evidence-based practices, interventions, and policies into routine health care and public health settings to improve our impact on population health.



For questions regarding basic versus clinical research, please refer to the Frequently Asked Questions document.

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The Charles A. King Trust Fellowship Program Funds 21 Early Career Scientists Investigating the Causes and Treatment of Human Disease – Health Resources in Action (